The information below is what I personally do for the care of my rabbits and my own opinion. I have been raising bunnies for many years and have knowledge but I do not know everything. If you feel your bunny is in danger please call a rabbit vet asap.
FEED: I feed my bunnies an unlimited amount plain green rabbit pellets that are alfalfa based 16% (albers brand). I do not feel the need to ration them if they stay in good weight. The feed I use is in Monroe and at Dels feed stores. (Feed Store List Below) As long as you are not feeding feed from a pet store that has the added seeds and colored bits added to it then you will be ok. That food is terrible because the bunnies eat all the snack bits from it and not the pellet part which is where the nutrition is and they become skinny. Be sure to store your feed in an airtight container so it stays fresh, it changes color and becomes old fast, taking away the nutrients from the feed. Adults and babies eat the same feed their whole life, some companies say baby bunnies need special feed but that is just not true. When you bring your new bunny home from me, I will give you a baggie of my feed, mix it half and half with the feed that you buy (unless you get my brand) until it is gone to transfer them to your feed.
Feed Stores in the Area- get feed and hay here as well as bedding pellets
Portage bay Grange- 4110 roosevelt way ne, Seatrle 98105 (206-434-1445)
Hayes Country Store- 908 SW 152nd st, Burien 98166 (206-242-8000)
Bothell Feed- 20809 Bothell Everett Hwy, Bothell 98021 (425-481-8882)
Dels- 320 N Lewis St, Monroe (360-794-0400) Also Locations in Auburn, Puyallup,Port Orchard
Dayville- 11804 Springhetti rd, Snohomish 98296 (360-568-5077)
Co-Op- 8323 State Ave, Marysville (360-659-1326) Also in downtown Snohomish and Everett
Firstfruits Feed- 6848 180th ave NE, Redmond 98052 (425-867-9600)
Grange Supply- 145 NE Gilman Blvd, Issaquah (425-392-6469)
HAY: I feed my bunnies a good size handful of 2nd cutting orchard grass hay usually every other day, sometimes daily. Rabbits MUST have hay in their diet at least a few times a week, preferably daily if you can. Hay is necessary for the proper functioning of a rabbit's digestive system. It is similar to why humans need fiber in their diet. It also helps their teeth wear down a bit. You can feed timothy hay or orchard grass hay, NOT Alfalfa! Timothy hay and orchard grass look just like dried grass and are a light green, alfalfa is dark green, high in calcium and has been linked to kidney problems in bunnies. I recommend orchard grass hay. You can get hay at a feed store for a lot less than a pet store, usually they will fill up a feed sack of hay for a few bucks. You can never feed too much hay! Age does not matter for hay, babies and adults should always have hay a few times a week. If you live in Seattle area and have trouble finding hay, visit HERE and this guy will deliver to you and has nice fresh hay for your bunnies. Also can order hay and quality rabbit feed and treats at www.bunnybytes.com and they are in WA so shipping is not too much and their hay is MUCH better than hay from a pet store, your bunny will appreciate it!
Fuits/Veggies: Bunnies under 6 months old cannot have ANY fruits or veggies, it will give them diarrhea and they will dehydrate and it is the reason many babies die. The following is what I do for all bunnies OVER 6 months of age. I feed my bunnies a different fruit or veggie every other night. I usually give them a two inch thick slice of banana (no skin) twice a week or so, 1/2 a big carrot twice a week (a whole carrot is too much for this small of a breed of bunny), and some parsley or cilantro here and there. I also feed apples (no seeds)when they are on my trees. Some people feed a lot of fruits and veggies to their bunnies and this is fine as long as you keep doing it and gradually work them up to being able to have that much. Below is a list of good and bad bunny treats, the ones in bold are my bunnies favorites.
Alfalfa Sprouts, Apples & Apple branches, Artichoke, Asparagus, Banana (no skin), Basil, Beet Greens, Blackberry Leaves, Black Oil Sunflower Seeds, Carrots and Carrot Tops, Cauliflower, Celery, Cheerios (not many), Clover, Coriander (Cilantro), Dandelion Greens and Flowers, Eggplant, Grass, Kale, Mint, Mustard Greens, Oatmeal (plain dry), Parsley, Peaches, Peppermint Leaves, Peppers- Sweet, Pineapple, Pinecones, Plums, Pumpkin, Pumpkin Leaves, Radishes & Leaves, Shredded Wheat (plain), Spinach, Strawberry Leaves and Strawberries, Summer Squash, Zucchini, Turnips, Turnip Greens
DO NOT FEED BUNNIES UNDER 6 MONTHS OLD VEGETABLES OR ANY GREENS THEY WILL GET DIARRHEA!!!
Alfalfa Hay, Apple seeds, Baby Carrots (treated with preservatives), Banana Peel, Broccoli, Cabbage, Candy, Carpet, Cherries and Cherry leaves, Citrus Peels, Corn, Dried Fruit, Lettuce, Nuts, Pear Seeds
Here is a good site that has Medicinal herbs you can give your bunny if it is sick, but I would also take to vet if very ill click here
Treats: My bunnies do get yogurt drops and pet store treats every once in a while but not very often. Pet store treats are not very healthy for bunnies and they make them fat! If you must get them treats at the pet store then just do not give too many very often, giving them plain dry oatmeal on top of their feed a couple times a week is a much better treat. Holland lops are very small and do not need large quantities of anything so always feed treats in moderation.
Exercise: It is true that bunnies need exercise but that does not mean that they have to come out of their cage constantly. As long as you have a big enough cage for them to run around in their cage and you give them toys such as wood blocks, apple branches (I cut them right off my tree), toilet paper tubes (cardboard is ok for them to eat), and most bunny toys at the pet store, your bunny should be happy in its cage for the day while you are gone. I have dog exercise pens in the grass for my bunnies to play in. On nice days they get to go out for a couple hours each. If you put your bunny out in the yard be sure it has shade and water! You can also get a bunny harness and leash to exercise your bunny. Make sure the harness is snug they can get out easy! And never leave the harness on when you are not supervising, they can hurt themselves. click HERE to make an easy outside playpen for your bunnies!
Cages: I house all my bunnies in wire cages with wire floors and slide out trays (see picture below). I get them all from www.woodyswabbits.com in oregon. Click on premium rabbit cages then select size, do not get ones not assembled, you need a special tool to assemble them. VERY fast shipping in 1-2 days! Wire cages last for many years and there is nothing bunnies can eat on them! Most pet store cages are powder coated with paint which most bunnies will chew on the wire and they have plastic floors that they eat. I do not like the cages without wire floors where the bunny is in shavings walking in its own feces, it makes a huge mess and the bunny smells a lot more. My cages are most all 24" X 30", a cage at least 24" X 24" is fine for a Holland lop. If you feel bad about them being on a wire floor you can put cardboard in there for them to lay on. I use horse stall pellets (natures bedding) from the feed store to absorb the pee in the trays but wood stove pellets from home depot work as well. I sprinkle a little in all 4 corners and clean the cages every week or so, can also use the pellets in litterboxes but make sure they are animal friendly wood pellets from the feed stores. Do NOT ever put any stuffed animals, towels or blankets in the cage, they will eat it and block their stomach off, has happened one too many times and if you want to give them something to lay on, put a piece of cardboard in there, they can eat it and when it gets dirty you can put a new piece in.
Health: You should always have a rabbit vet's info in case of an emergency. A lot of vets do not treats bunnies or say they do but really have no experience so make sure they actually have a lot of experience. Vets I recommend are in Mountlake Terrace called A Pet Care Clinic and their # is 425-775-0121 and also Kamaka Exotic Vet in Mountlake terrace ph # 425-361-2183. For North end I recommend Animal Hospital at Murphy's corner in Mill Creek 425-316-8387. A lot of things you might think are an emergency might really not be, so if you are not sure you can always ask me. Bunnies will sometimes not eat and this is usually a hairball that can be treated with cat hairball medicine. The main thing to watch out for and that you need to do something about ASAP is if your bunny has diarrhea, not just sticky poop but runny water like poop. This is very serious and you need to get fluids in your bunny right away, so see a vet or call me. The vet is very stressful for a bunny so I try not to take them unless I know I cannot help them, but most things they get are fairly easy to diagnose. If your rabbit stops eating please read this article HERE
To Fix Or Not To Fix: I really do not think it is necessary to fix a male pet bunny, unless he starts to spray pee and act like a male which is 50/50 chance, but fix them if it is in your budget at 5 months if they are an indoor bunny, they will be a better pet. Now females- they can get territorial around 6 months old and can get cancer if they never have babies ever so it is probably a good idea to get most female bunnies fixed if they are to be handled by kids and are house pets. Some females are exceptions and are so friendly and might not get cancer but it is just hard to tell. In WA state, the most affordable vets for surgeries are
Seattle Animal Shelter- $75 for spay and neuters site is HERE NW spay/neuter center-Tacoma, Spay $85, Neuter $75 click HERE
Sno-Kind Clinic in Lynnwood-(425)-743-2311
Murphy's corner animal hospital-Mill creek-this is where I go. 425-316-8387
Seattle Humane Society- $60 spay/$50 neuter click HERE
lots of other vets in area, they just charge a lot more. Just make sure that whatever vet you choose has experience with bunnies, as they are more fragile than other pets and surgery is always risky with bunnies. It is easier to litter box trained a fixed rabbit as well so it is a good idea.
IF you get TWO bunnies, they both must be fixed when older or they will fight to death, so keep thios in mind if you are wanting to get a couple.
Worming: Worming bunnies is important because even if your bunny is an inside only bunny, they can get worms from the hay they eat. It is a preventative step and kills any parasites they may have. I worm my bunnies twice a year with horse wormer called Ivermectin paste. It comes in a tube at the feed store and is enough for a horse so it is best if you can just get a little bit from someone who has a horse. Just a small pea size amount smeared on their mouth will do it. They hate the taste so be prepared for them to kick and be mad..;) If you purchased your bunny from me I am more than happy to worm your bunny for you if you want to bring it by twice a year for $5 each time.
Nail Trimming: It is important to trim your rabbits' nails every month or so. If their nails get too long it will cause them pain. I use cat nail trimmers found at a feed store or pet store. Just trim to within 1/4" of the red blood line in the nail. Be sure to have blood stopper on hand in case you cut too close, but don't let this discourage you from trimming. I usually sit in a chair and put the bunny upside down between my legs. I place a towel over the face/front feet while I trim the back feet and put it over the back feet when doing the front so I do not get kicked in the face. I can clip your bunny's nails for $5 if you want to bring it by.
Should you wash your bunny?: Many people ask me this since their bunny's feet may be discolored from their cage and they want them clean. Bunnies clean themselves very well and they should never have a bath. To clean their feet just get a wet washcloth with some soap and scrub their feet and then dip them in clean water to rinse. It is very bad for bunnies to get wet, they get cold very easy and can get pneumonia. If for some reason you must wash your bunny, do not get their head or ears wet, and keep inside for 2 days because they stay cold for a long time after their bath. I do not recommend washing them.
Bringing Bunny Home: The first few days, avoid holding your bunny too much, maybe once a day for 5-10 minutes. They get stressed very easily and can die from it. If they seem to be in the back of their cage, just let them stay there and get used to the new home. You can cover part of the cage so they can have a dark area. Avoid making too much noise around them also, their ears are very sensitive.
The only thing bunnies under 6 months old should be eating is hay (unlimited), pellets (unlimited) and quaker plain old fashioned oatmeal (tablespoon on food 2x a week). They can have wood toys to chew on, toilet paper tubes and apple branches also. Just no vegatables at all and very little grass